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BREAST CANCER BASICS


Why should young women be concerned PDF Print E-mail

Emerging research shows a clear link between lifestyle factors (nutrition, physical activity, and drinking alcohol) and the risk for breast cancer. Research also shows that during the teenage years and early twenties, girls tend to decrease their involvement in sports and other kinds of physical activity, eat in a less healthy way and begin to experiment with alcohol and binge drinking.

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During the teenage years and early twenties, young women are more in control of their eating, activity, and drinking choices than when they were younger. However, these choices need to be made in a culture where there are pressures to eat junk food, diet and drink alcohol in social situations. In addition, young women have many commitments and responsibilities that pose time-constraints for activity. Therefore, it is important for young women to be educated about breast cancer and the modifiable risk factors that they can control. If young women develop lower risk lifestyles at this stage of life, (by eating healthy, being active, and limiting alcohol consumption) the healthy patterns will likely continue as they get older and reduce their risk of developing breast cancer in the future.

 
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Who gets breast cancer? PDF Print E-mail

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer found in women in Canada, and any female can be at risk for developing it. More than 22,000 women are diagnosed each year Ė thatís one in nine women in Canada. Although the incidence of breast cancer rises sharply with age (the older you are, the higher the risk is that you may develop it), it also affects young women. About 4% of all breast cancer cases are found in women under the age of 40. Breast cancer rarely occurs in men (less than 1% of all cases).

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Currently, we donít know enough about breast cancer to be able to say who will develop it and who wonít. Thatís one of the most challenging issues with the disease. However, we do know about some of the risk factors that can either reduce or increase a personís risk for developing breast cancer. The risk factors fall into two categories: those we can control or change (called modifiable risk factors) and those we cannot control (called non-modifiable risk factors). Non-modifiable risk factors include family history and genetics, getting older, and being female. Modifiable risk factors include nutrition, physical activity, and drinking alcohol.

Learn more at: http://www.cbcf.org/breastcancer/

 
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What is breast cancer? PDF Print E-mail


Cancer is a disease that starts in a single cell of the body. When the DNA of a cell is damaged or changed, the cell becomes abnormal and grows in an uncontrolled manner. The damaged cell can multiply more rapidly than a normal cell, and can prevent healthy cells from functioning properly. When this abnormal and uncontrolled cell growth invades surrounding tissues, it is called cancer. It can take years for any outward signs or symptoms of cancer to show.

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There are many different types of cancers, and each one is named after the body part where the affected cells originated. Breast cancer occurs when the affected cells are in the breast tissue.

Learn more at: http://www.cbcf.org/breastcancer/

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